494 MISSOURI RED MOUSTACHED WOODPECKER
|This handsome new species was first discovered in the woody borders
along the shores of the Upper Missouri, near Fort Union, and both my
friends HARRIS and BELL procured several specimens, including an adult
pair. Mr. BELL also discovered its nest-hole, and on having it cut down,
we found six young birds of this species already fledged, and having the
red moustache of the old male.
Although this bird is considerably larger than the Picus auratus, so common in our Eastern States, its flight and general habits are much the same, but there exists some difference in its notes. The bill is considerably less curved, and the markings, though much like those of the latter, differ in the rounded spots that ornament the lower parts of the body, are much less in size, and incline downward, instead of being placed crossways; and although the third quill is the longest in both, in the present species, the first is much shorter.
I have named this handsome bird after my young and learned friend W. O. AYRES, Esq., who is well known to science as an excellent ichthyologist; and who also is well conversant with the birds of our country.
MISSOURI RED-MOUSTACHED WOODPECKER, Picus Ayresii, Aud.
12 1/2, 20.
Valleys and ravines of the prairies of the Upper Missouri.
In the Adult Male, the upper part of the head, cheeks, throat downward to near the black patch, of an iron-grey tinged with reddish-buff; lores and around the eye brighter; a transverse very narrow band of carmine on the hind neck; back, scapulars, and secondaries light reddish-brown, tinged with dull green, transversely spotted with black; rump white; tail coverts white, with black markings; primaries and tail feathers blackish-brown, the shafts yellow. A red moustache or streak on each side of the throat from the edge of the lower mandible; lower parts reddish-white, and spotted with black, as well as a large semilunar patch on the fore part of the breast; lower surface of quills and tail feathers yellow, the latter black toward the end.
The female is similar to the male, somewhat smaller, but without the red patch or moustache on the sides of the throat.
Bill to end of tail 12 7/16 inches; alar extent 20; wing from flexure 6 7/16; bill along the ridge 1 1/4, along the edge rather more than 1 1/2; tarsus 1 1/8; middle toe 1, its claw 1/2; hind toe 3/4, its claw 3/8; tail 4 7/8.